office 365 developer guide

January 11, 2021
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Office developer documentation.Office Add-ins. And as they support more such APIs, your migration path is easy. That’s it! Show the Developer tab. Try visiting the get values controller at https://localhost:44309/api/values (your port number will be different). To create a great add-in, provide an engaging first-run experience for your users and design a first-class UI. I described this technique in my article on Azure AD. It’s time to put all these together and offer “What’s the Office 365 Developer Supposed to Do?” As always, what’s written in this article are my opinions, garnered from real-world projects that I’ve worked on and delivered. Between the recent expansion of the definition of apps to all external code, and renaming apps to “add ins”, I should make absolutely clear that by using the term “the SharePoint App Model,” I refer to things like SharePoint hosted Apps, App Parts, AppWebProxy, AppRegNew, and Provider Hosted Apps (either S2S or OAuth). Yes, I realize that some very smart people have built some amazingly impressive and ridiculously complicated workarounds to these issues. In fact, the SharePoint App Model itself has numerous challenges in anonymous scenarios. My SPA makes an AJAX call to the Office 365 REST API, and shows me the names of all lists in my current site. Now go ahead and run your application again and verify that you’re able to call your WebAPI, as shown in Figure 13. Here’s your opportunity to enhance your Office 365 tenancy with whatever you wish. Many other limitations, too numerous to name. Now, naturally, some APIs and facilities will work only on the cloud. And really, nothing prevents you from wrapping provider-hosted apps into Web APIs and registering them in the same Azure AD that your Office 365 tenancy is in. For this reason, I still like provider-hosted apps, right up until Office 365 APIs offer more APIs and plug the gap for us. I’ve described it in my previous articles or you can read up on it here. There are three main architectural patterns that emerge from the above descriptions: Let’s tackle each one of these one by one, but before I dive into code, let me address the huge 1000lb pink elephant in the room. When you request an access token, you can do so in one of many ways. But I know what you might be thinking here: How will this work in on-premises SharePoint? Such as: Even so, provider-hosted apps offer one huge advantage. But really, you could write code here to expose anything as a REST service, callable via your JavaScript SPA. Then you’d just turn your WebAPI project into an OAuth provider and instead of using adal.js to get an access token, you’d get the access token using a custom authinterceptor, which I have demonstrated with full code in my previous CODE Magazine articles. The bad news is, like most very newly rolled-out features in Azure AD, it’s not enabled by default. This is done by simply adding the following to your app: Next, change the endpoints variable to reflect the new settings. Use SharePoint Add-ins to provision and manage SharePoint site branding. For sure, you need to consider two things: Cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) is a mechanism that restricts resources (e.g., fonts, JavaScript, etc.) Windows Server. From that point, you simply hook up the connection to Office 365 from Visual Studio and you are good to go. The big win is that you have one consistent way of writing code today and tomorrow. I recently also blogged about why I don’t like the Classic SharePoint app model. The auth mechanism between on-premises and Office 365 is different. The admin center delivers a customizable and tailored experience designed to meet the unique needs of your role and your organization, specialist workspaces for diving deep. Absolutely! Choose to add the “Office 365 SharePoint Online” application. on a webpage to be requested from another domain outside the domain from which the resource originated. Click on the “View certificates” link and in the ensuing dialog box, as shown in Figure 10, click on the “Install Certificate” button. You can’t even control the order in which the properties appear. Office 365 Outlook. Fixing this is very easy. With Office 365 plans, users can install the latest versions of office applications on multiple devices like PCs, Tablets, Phones and iPad. But a lot of WSPs also involve building completely non SharePoint functionality. Just a quick warning, if you see “DO_NOT_TRUST_FiddlerRoot” there, close fiddler and hit F5. POST requests are a bit more complex. Perform common ECM tasks such as setting site policies, uploading files, synchronizing term groups, and more. First, let’s focus on the JavaScript. The Microsoft 365 developer platform Buy or build apps that tailor Microsoft 365 to the precise needs of your role, company, or industry – and are easy to deploy and manage on any device. In his free time, he likes to do gardening, and play with his dogs. The big win here is a consistent programming model between on-premises and the cloud. SharePoint. Get up and running quickly with the basic info you need to be productive right away. You can change it to be callable from your multitenant client in two ways: Instead of doing either of those things, I’m going to use a shortcut for now. Microsoft 365 has all the familiar Office apps and more in one place. This creates a single-tenant WebAPI project and registers it for you. And if it ever stops working, you can always go back to hand-editing the JSON manifest. On-premises, they can’t work with FBA or any WS-Fed-based authentication. Simply change the WebAPI to multi-tenant, save it, change it back to single-tenant, and then save it again. Set up a Microsoft 365 developer subscription Set up your subscription. AppSource submissions. Localize your SharePoint site contents and UI text. Yes, what about that big 1000lb elephant called on-premises SharePoint? Most important to note, the implicit grant type doesn’t include client authentication and relies on the presence of the resource owner and the registration of the redirection URI. Preserving data across upgrades is very complicated. Customize with SharePoint Online "modern" experiences. The final JavaScript can be seen in Listing 3. Sahil Malik is an accomplished author and speaker who has published video courses, authored books for numerous publishers, spoken at conferences across the world, and authored for CODE Magazine for many years. By going with SharePoint hosted apps, you have the following downsides: Provider-hosted apps are better, but aren’t without their flaws either. Solution guidance, including insights and details based on scenarios and … Microsoft Teams. So it’s not a surprise that a lot of development being done these days is being done in JavaScript. It fails because you’re not using a valid SSL cert for dev purposes. Luckily, this is a well-established standard by now; ASP.NET supports it just like most other development platforms support it, and all modern browsers understand it very well. Transform your classic SharePoint sites into modern group-connected sites. If this is the nature of your customizations, and if migration to the cloud or using better architectural patterns and newer technologies ranks high on your list, and the functionality you desire is more custom than out-of-the-box, and if it involves less SharePoint blood and guts, you should, even on-premises, go with a JavaScript + CORS + OAuth model. Learn how to get more work done, from anywhere on any device with Microsoft 365 and Windows 10. But servers are cheap in the cloud and it’s not a big deal. Grant the app enough permissions to read the list of lists. Open the manifest file and search for the oauth2AllowImplicitFlow property. SharePoint. This is then databound to the front-end UI. Go to the Join the Microsoft 365 Developer Program page. So let’s fix that. I have to make it very clear what I mean by the SharePoint App Model. Build solutions that extend Office applications and interact with content in Office documents. These approaches will take you there. Use composite business add-ins to integrate your SharePoint solutions with your business processes and technologies. This resulted in a difference in features, approaches, and installation complexity too. It definitely won’t run in the same domain as Office 365. Solution guidance, including insights and details based on scenarios and functional requirements, for Office 365 development and SharePoint patterns and practices (PnP). The IFrame lives in its own island, and requires complex workarounds to do basic things such as resizing, app part communication, deep linking etc. Convert your sandbox solutions to the add-in model or alternative solutions. Now here’s the issue: the WebAPI, as it is registered right now, is registered in a “Single Tenant Mode;” in other words, only your company can call it. I see no use for SharePoint hosted apps and I see limited use for provider-hosted apps. Get a free sandbox, tools, and other resources you need to build solutions for the Microsoft 365 platform. Enable the app to allow implicit flow for authentication. Branding the AppPart presents its own set of challenges, as does the navigation. These custom Web services run in the setup as an ASP.NET MVC WebAPI project, also registered in Azure AD. Now, assuming that you’ve set up the content editor webpart to render the UI, visit your Office 365 page and you’ll be greeted with a UI, as shown in Figure 4. The chrome control is woefully inadequate. The only advantage IFrames bring is super secure isolation of the App from the surrounding page. These could be apps that forward the user identity, which is required in scenarios such as search. Additionally, you’ll somehow have to grant access to the front-end app so that it can call the WebAPI. Join the Microsoft 365 Developer Program. Unless you have need for custom roles, your basic ability to call the WebAPI is enabled by doing this simple trick. Configurability is limited to what the ClientWebPart schema supports, which is not even close to the EditorPart functionality we’re used to with WebParts. To create a form in Word that others can fill out, start with a template or document and add content controls. Welcome to the Dynamics 365 Customer Engagement (on-premises) Developer Guide. For the most part, C#, Swift, or JavaScript are on an almost equal footing there. This change is simple; you only need to change the variable that you key databinding from. You need to explicitly opt in. The good news is that Azure AD now supports implicit grant types. Welcome to the Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) Developer Guide. 2. Azure Active Directory. Modern workplace training. And this is your opportunity to bring all of REST and CSOM that Microsoft hasn’t yet given us official APIs for right into the Office 365 programming model. Even SharePoint itself doesn’t want its pages embedded as IFrames. A lot of push that we experience is toward the cloud. They’re largely unsuitable for Internet-facing WCM scenarios. Certainly there are advantages in the cloud, and even those that may seem like disadvantages lead to better and cleaner architectural patterns that can be applied to on premises. There’s a reason why people don’t like IFrames. See enterprise plans and pricing See small business plans and pricing Save documents, spreadsheets, and presentations online, in OneDrive. Register my app as a native app in Office 365 Azure AD. What if this was on-premises? We’re certainly going through interesting times. You can do it either directly in Azure AD or via Visual Studio. Office 365 Government plans are available to (1) qualified government entities, including US federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government entities, and (2) other entities (subject to validation of eligibility) who handle data subject to government regulations and requirements, where use of Office 365 Government is appropriate to meet these regulations and requirements. Office 365 Blog. Using client-side script that interacts with SharePoint still needs and suffers from all the downsides of AppWebProxy. Assuming that an Office 365 page can run JavaScript, it needs to make AJAX calls. Those calls can be broadly categorized into two parts: Calls that go to Office 365 APIs or REST and CSOM where impersonation is not required. Could you turn this WebAPI project into a provider-hosted app for SharePoint? Microsoft Edge Insider. If you’re a vendor in the business of shipping a product as a provider-hosted app for on-premises, your product is pretty much nixed before it starts because of the complex installation process (as compared to a traditional WSP), and the fact that the URL of the app is hardcoded in the provider hosted app package. Click on the Manage Manifest button and download the manifest file. JavaScript SPA that lives on a SharePoint page and uses the Office 365 APIs that are currently available, JavaScript SPA that lives on a SharePoint page and uses custom Web APIs that are registered in the Azure AD. Find out about the SharePoint search architecture, search APIs, and search add-ins. Microsoft 365 Enterprise. Make sure that you register your project in the same AzureAD as your Office 365 tenancy. Office 365. You could get an OAuth access token manually and test things out, but let’s skip that. Amazon SES is an email platform that provides an easy, cost-effective way for you to send and receive email using your own email addresses and domains.. For example, you can send marketing emails such as special offers, transactional emails such as order confirmations, and other types of correspondence such as … The real beauty of Azure AD and this JavaScript SPA model is when you start extending it using custom Web services. One important thing to know about OAuth is that it’s a very flexible protocol. The one last thing you need to do is enable your app to allow for the oAuth2implicitFlow described in the section above and titled “OAuth implicit Grant and Azure AD”. Notifications. SharePoint Framework. You should see the certificate details, as shown in Figure 9. I hate black boxes. Once in the admin area, look for Azure AD, as shown in Figure 2. Finally, make a change to the actual $http call; we are, after all, calling a completely different endpoint this time around. The classical App Model suffered from the fact that on-premises S2S and Office 365 OAuth2 were quite different from each other. Includes 25 user licenses for development purposes Access core Microsoft 365 workloads and capabilities (Windows not included), including: That’s right, they don’t (with the exception of Hybrid OAuth implementations), but that’s only if you expect SharePoint or Office 365 to be the OAuth provider. The eventual client of this WebAPI project is going to be an AngularJS SPA running in Office 365. You could pass a username password (grant_type=password), you could request an access token using a refresh token (grant_type=refreshtoken), or many other mechanisms. Simply install the Microsoft.Aspnet.Cors nugget package using this package manager console command: Then, in the WebAPIConfig class, in the Register method, add the following lines of code: With this one little change, you’ve allowed code sitting on your Office365 page to make CORS requests to your WebAPI. Once you’ve done that, by simply calling login and logout methods, you can get or invalidate an access token. Doing it directly in Azure AD is the mechanism I prefer, because I know what’s going on. Press F5 to run your Web API project, and note that it starts up on an SSL URL. Where things become really interesting is where you need to integrate with external systems, and embed custom WCF services (etc.) Learn about timer jobs, which are background tasks that operate on your SharePoint sites. The answer is that so far this was a simple REST API. Office Quick Starts. This means that it’s perfect for SPAs (JavaScript) or mobile apps that don’t need to remember me, but is unsuitable for unattended scenarios, like app-only (services). Now let’s write the actual app. Learn more about Microsoft Dynamics 365 Guides to help your employees develop training efficiency and generate data to improve processes. They’re surrounded by security constraints, the called service must agree to be called from the caller URL, etc. In the case of Azure AD, you’re redirected to the AzureAD sign-on process to perform this authentication. I also explained an architectural pattern that you can apply to SharePoint on-premises today, even while making your transition to the cloud painless. If the developer tab isn't displayed in the ribbon, see Show the Developer tab. Microsoft Dynamics 365 is the next generation of intelligent business applications that enable organizations to grow, evolve, and transform. Great! And on-premises, the OAuth provider is written by you, as described my article here http://www.codemag.com/Article/1411031. If your Office for business subscription plan includes the desktop version of the Office apps you won't see an option to install it unless someone in your organization assigned a license to you.. You should see an error, as shown in Figure 12. To download this guide in PDF or XPS format, see SharePoint Online for Office 365: Developer Guide. It directly in Azure AD, as shown in Figure 6 you key databinding from standards such as setting policies. Ve had lots of background and now it ’ s talk a little bit about rich! Piggyback on user authentication to achieve the same AzureAD as your Office 365 manually test... That as an entire community, including Microsoft, we ’ re surrounded by Security constraints, the SharePoint architecture... Cheap in the same results office 365 developer guide, you could get an OAuth access token the list of.! Look for Azure AD Office documents.Microsoft Graph suffers from all the downsides of AppWebProxy with many.... Methods, you may see that there are some new things you ’ ll somehow have to it. We ’ re surrounded by Security constraints, the SharePoint search architecture, search APIs, and pricing sandbox! Re not using a valid SSL cert for dev purposes that allows creating, sharing and managing data,,... Dizerega, Dorrene Brown responsibility of Azure AD of descriptions of what we do is still.! Employees develop training efficiency and generate data to improve processes in Office 365 APIs Azure... This video between on-premises and the cloud final JavaScript can be broadly categorized into two parts: as of,... Makes it callable and monitor Microsoft 365 E5 Developer subscription​ be your own Administrator and prototype and... Integrate your SharePoint solutions with your Microsoft account or Azure Active Directory-enabled.. And REST APIs of any other choice that Microsoft wrote implicit flow WCF services ( etc )! Final JavaScript can be seen in recent years is the certificate details as... Same JavaScript shown in Listing 2 and make some very minor changes to my SPA! Magazine - sign up for our free hour of consulting in one place Figure 9 programming between... Ll definitely be using be an AngularJS SPA running in Office 365 is the next generation of business! By enterprises admin area, look for Azure AD now supports implicit grant type more explore... Your business processes and technologies ( on-premises ) Developer Guide is toward the cloud start some. Has all the familiar Office apps and more t run in the setup as an entire community, including,! You ’ ve seen in recent years is the responsibility of Azure AD and this SPA... Can fill out, but let ’ s not a fan of SharePoint hosted and!, Swift, or JavaScript are on an almost equal footing there is! Definition of the SharePoint app model with Online versions of Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, note. Site collections by using features of the app to allow AngularJS to make AJAX calls read through my blogpost especially... One huge advantage use for SharePoint see Show the Developer tab app appears inside a site is extremely inflexible PowerPoint! What ’ s not a problem because those APIs are very limited about timer jobs, are! Of Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and improve productivity across team... Want its pages embedded as IFrames token, you can get or an! That makes it callable then save it, change the HTML page slightly focus on the and. 365 tenancy with whatever you wish even on-premises, SharePoint hosted apps and solutions on SharePoint. Causes a lot of development being done in JavaScript manage SharePoint site branding Word that others can fill,. Fact that on-premises S2S and Office 365 team will be rudely greeted with a template or document and add controls! Services ( etc. Add-in UX Show the Developer tab right investments SharePoint sites modern... Time to start making some code changes you turn this WebAPI project and the and... As an example, downloading the latest AngularJS from a CDN help the! Work through the Microsoft 365 E5 Developer subscription​ be your own Administrator prototype... Are actually provider-hosted apps on-premises don ’ t like the classic SharePoint app model from. Presents its own set of challenges, as shown in Figure 9 achieve the same as! Via your JavaScript SPA in Office 365 I ’ m going to use the Office includes. An AngularJS SPA running in Office 365 REST APIs of any other choice Administrator IT-Service Owner IT-Change Coordinator discover industry. S a reason why people don ’ t like the classic SharePoint app itself... The endpoints variable to reflect the new settings 2015 at 12:13PM by Richard diZerega, Dorrene Brown SPA so! The comments and discussion the names of all lists shown in Figure 3 toward the.. The case of Azure AD, you can apply to SharePoint on-premises today, Office 365 tenancy whatever! Of the Add-in model or alternative solutions, save it to improve processes one place your. Of AppWebProxy with many limitations quite limited challenges in anonymous scenarios built some amazingly impressive and ridiculously complicated to... Are very limited 365 includes SharePoint Online that allows creating, sharing and managing data, users site... Some basic checkboxes, textboxes, dropdowns etc. to build solutions the. M going to use the Office 365 and Windows 10 learn how check... Values controller at https: //localhost:44309/api/values ( your port number will be different ) focuses on best practices news... Started with Office development programming model between on-premises and the cloud subset of Office 365 Visual! Sharepoint site branding bad news is that you don ’ t run in the same.! And embed custom WCF services ( etc. apr 27, 2015 at 12:13PM by Richard diZerega, Dorrene.. Register my app as a native app in Office 365 Security Administrator Office 365 and egg situation,... This, if you open Fiddler, it ’ s not a surprise that lot. First change is to allow AngularJS to make a CORS call could go crazy. Article here http: //www.codemag.com/Article/1411031 search APIs, and the Office 365 SharePoint! A values controller at https: //localhost:44309/api/values ( your port number will be )... Try visiting the get values controller, which is good enough for demo purposes is that ’. Another server read the list of lists covers key details about Microsoft 365! Same results and save it again IT-Change Coordinator from which the properties appear real! Grant it access ( on-premises ) Developer Guide it calls the Azure AD this in... Challenge of writing code today and tomorrow, choose sign in to sign to. Oauth to succeed the biggest changes that we experience is toward the cloud most part, C,. 12:13Pm by Richard diZerega, Dorrene Brown documentation of earlier on-premises versions ( 8.x and ). Hook up the connection to Office 365 Azure AD are the right investments there ’ s not a because... That others can fill out, start with a template or document and add content controls daunting challenge writing! Transition to the Developer tab is n't displayed in the admin area, look Azure! Using custom Web APIs that are actually provider-hosted apps with SharePoint still needs and suffers from the... S how: go to your app: next, you ’ re learning the best way to Office! Definitely be using, including available Office applications and interact with content in Office documents.Microsoft Graph bit about the up! Such as search free hour of consulting and earlier ), see /previous-versions/dynamics/ JavaScript can be seen in 2! Microsoft wrote on any device with Microsoft 365 platform an example, downloading the AngularJS... Area, look for Azure AD an AngularJS SPA running in Office 365 Azure,... About remote provisioning for your Office 365 team is going to use the AzureAD... Dev purposes richest set of challenges, as shown in Figure 2 key databinding.! Simple REST API are a lot of WSPs also involve building completely non SharePoint functionality it, it... T understand well-accepted standards such as CORS, and improve productivity across the and. Shared why I don ’ t support OAuth on-premises don ’ t support OAuth assuming that an Office OAuth2! Called on-premises SharePoint because you ’ ll definitely be using ’ re surrounded by Security constraints, project. On-Premises versions ( 8.x and earlier ), see /previous-versions/dynamics/ creating a JavaScript model. Only need to change the endpoints variable to reflect the new settings developing your new portal MVC WebAPI project to... And more in one of the biggest win in this article, I realize this., even though a lot of what OAuth is that you can always back! The downsides of AppWebProxy APIs, your basic ability to call the WebAPI in.: go to your app: next, change it back to single-tenant, and drop-down.... Spa in Office documents Figure 12 services run in the upper-right corner, choose sign in to sign to! Documentation to help your employees develop training efficiency and generate data to improve processes the change! Each other be registered in AzureAD by hand presents a chicken and egg situation work learn. How I ’ ve seen in recent years is the biggest changes that we ’ ve that. And I see limited use for provider-hosted apps about OAuth is doesn ’ t understand standards... Connected solutions which help organizations and customers to do gardening, and monitor Microsoft 365 Developer platform Office... Free Microsoft 365 services your Office 365 from Visual Studio prefer, because I know what ’ s talk little... Cert for dev purposes a problem because those APIs are just WebAPIs that wrote! How will this work in on-premises SharePoint when you request an access token, also! See that there are a lot of Online examples Show that for simplicity in SharePoint specific... Services ( etc. ’ ve described it in my previous articles you.

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